Ms. Van Koch suggested that the crisis has reached emerging market countries at varying speeds, with differing results. She described the pressures that are creating fiscal gaps. Many of the solutions to overcome government financial problems can have negative consequences.
Ms. von Koch pointed out that countries that have reformed with stronger fiscal controls and management have been weathering the downturn better than other emerging nations. She described how difficult it has become to borrow. And, debt is becoming a larger portion of the government budget.
More efficient monetary policy and broader capital market development is required. New investment vehicle like savings bonds are needed.
Ms. von Koch recommends that countries should upgrade debt strategies and restructure debt. Governments need to improve cash management and forecasting. Many countries have thousands of bank accounts that are not effectively used for investment and reduced borrowing.
Openess and transparency on government policy will increase investor confidence, according to Ms. von Koch.