PEFA has been introduced at previous ICGFM sessions. M. Dendura says that PEFA can be used effectively in any country. PEFA provides a standardized methodology to assess the “health” of a country PFM system. It provides a comprehensive analysis of a PFM system “ability to perform”, based on evidence rather than perception. M. Dendura asked "if PEFA can work for the PFM sector why can’t a similar approach be taken for the health and education sectors?"
There is growing international recognition that it is unrealistic and unfair to measure outcomes annually, according to M. Dendura. He asserts that there is growing international recognition that joint annual reviews do not provide the level of depth to fully understand the performance of an entire sector. He conceded that there is currently no widely adopted mechanism to undertake a more comprehensive sector review on a more realistic timeframe, such as every three years.
The workshops generated animated discussion. Groups of ICGFM participants evaluated numerous scenarios.